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Clovis intentional bifacial overshot flaking: Two replica examples

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Clovis intentional bifacial overshot flaking: Two replica examples

Message  Admin le Sam 19 Nov 2016 - 17:26

Clovis intentional bifacial overshot flaking: Two replica examples


Bruce Arlan Bradley


Abstract



Understanding flaking technologies has become an important aspect for flaked stone analyses and interpretations. Experiments are increasingly being used to investigate aspects of technology. One of these aspects is the existence of a technique known as overshot flaking. While most researchers recognize that it happened some assert that it was an intentional technique unique to Solutrean and Clovis archaeological cultures. Others have disputed this assertion and have concluded that it was not a useful technique and therefore unintentional. This small study experimentally examines two reduction sequences that employed intentional overshot flaking and evaluates its usefulness. The conclusion is that it is a useful technique, for a number of reasons, and that it was intentionally employed in some past biface production strategies.


Keywords



Clovis; Solutrean; lithic technology; biface production; overshot flaking; replica


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References


Aubry, T., Bradley, B.A., Almeida, M., Walter, B., Neves, M.J., Pelegrin, J., Lenoir, M. & Tiffagom, M. 2008, Solutrean laurel leaf production at Maîtreaux: An experimental approach guided by techno-economic analysis. World Archaeology, 40(1): 48-66. doi:10.1080/00438240701843538
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Sinclair, A. 1995, The technique as a symbol in Late Glacial Europe. World Archaeology, 27(1): 50-62. doi:10.1080/00438243.1995.9980292
Smith, P.E.L. 1966, Le Solutréen en France. Imprimeries Delmas, Bordeaux, 449 p.
Stanford, D.J. & Bradley, B.A. 2012, Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America’s Clovis Culture. University of California Press, Berkeley, 336 p.
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http://journals.ed.ac.uk/lithicstudies/article/view/1614
pdf :
http://journals.ed.ac.uk/lithicstudies/article/viewFile/1614/2138

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